japanese medicinal herbs

kampō (or kanpō, 漢方) medicine is the japanese study and adaptation of traditional chinese medicine. in 1967, the japanese ministry of health, labour and welfare approved four kampo medicines for reimbursement under the national health insurance (nhi) program. in 1976, 82 kampo medicines were approved by the ministry of health, labour and welfare. currently, 148 kampo medicines are approved for reimbursement. [1] the 14th edition of the japanese pharmacopoeia (jp) (日本薬局方 nihon yakkyokuhō) lists 165 herbal ingredients that are approved to be used in kampo remedies.[2] tsumura (ツムラ) is the leading maker[3] making 128 of the 148 kampo medicines. the “count” column shows in how many of these 128 formulae the herb is found. the most common herb is glycyrrhizae radix (chinese liquorice root). it is in 94 of the 128 tsumura formulae. other common herbs are zingiberis rhizoma (ginger) (51 of 128 formulae) and paeoniae radix (chinese peony root) (44 of 128 formulae).




the objective of this article is to introduce kampo and to present information from previous clinical studies that tested kampo formulae. it is not surprising that many japanese physicians were drawn towards medical techniques from the west to improve their therapeutic options in surgery, but most of them continued to use traditional kampo prescriptions for treating problems of internal medicine until the 19th century. the vast array of crude drugs has been reduced in kampo and also the quantity of each drug in the formulation is much lower. the standardization of the main components has become possible and this is a precondition of clinical research. the subjective complaints and the symptoms observed by the physician are combined to an individual symptom profile, a kampo diagnosis (sho), which leads to the selection of the appropriate prescription [8].

more than two thirds of the studies used only kampo as verum, whereas in 38 studies, kampo was used in addition to the standard treatment. a kampo diagnosis was not mentioned in any of the trials. if the aim of a clinical trial is to ask whether kampo treatment in a traditional way is efficacious or not, the traditional treatment system has to be taken into account. there are two options; the first excludes the influences of the kampo diagnostic procedure and the study could be performed in a similar way as suggested for the placebo-controlled study. the second possibility is to see the diagnostic procedure as part of the kampo treatment, and the diagnostic procedure be used only on the kampo group after randomization figure 2. study designs shown in figures ​figures11 and ​and22 are used to answer different research questions. combining the western and kampo diagnosis for a standard care controlled trial: to evaluate the effectiveness of kampo as a whole treatment system, for example, for menopausal symptoms (icd n95.1).

the japanese traditional herbal medicine, kampo, has gradually reemerged and 148 different formulations (mainly herbal extracts) can be prescribed within one of the most important herbal drugs in japan is the geranium herb, the overground parts of g. thunbergii . the main constituent is crystalline tannin kampo medicines are traditional japanese herbal medicines used in japan for more than 1500 years. they were introduced from china and are now fully, japanese medicinal plants and their uses, traditional japanese herbs, traditional japanese herbs, japanese herbal medicine book, japanese herbal medicine store.

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