eugenol (1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-4-allylbenzene), the active constituents present in o. sanctum l. have been found to be largely responsible for the therapeutic potentials. such research activities could also lead to the development of new drugs as in the past. ocimum sanctum l (tulsi)., o. gratissimum (ram tulsi), o. canum (dulal tulsi), o. bascilicum (ban tulsi), o. kilimandschricum, o. americanum, o. camphora and o. micranthum are examples of known important species of genus ocimum that grow in different parts of the world and are known to have medicinal properties. this observation indicates the hypoglycemic effect of o. sanctum l. in diabetic rats. shetty et al evaluated the wound healing effect of aqueous extract of o. sanctum l. in rats. the effect of aqueous extract (oe) of leaves of o. sanctum l. against radiation lethality and chromosome damage was studied by radiation-induced lipid peroxidation in liver.
aqueous extract of o. sanctum l. inhibit the hypercholesterolemia-induced erythrocyte lipid peroxidation activity in a dose-dependent manner in male albino rabbits. the effect of methanolic extract of o. sanctum l. leaves in cerebral reperfusion injury as well as long-term hypoperfusion was studied by yanpallewar et al. the antiulcerogenic property of o. sanctum l. was studied in pyloric-ligated and aspirin-treated rats. joshi and parle assessed the potential of o. sanctum l. extract as a nootropic and anti-amensic agent in mice. a significant reduction in the levels of dmba/dna adducts was observed in all cultures pretreated with o. sanctum l. extract. the chemopreventive efficacy of 100 μl/kg seed oil was comparable to that of 80 mg/kg vita-e. the extract of o. sanctum l. leaf extract (ose) on the changes in the concentrations of serum triiodothyronine (t3), thyronine (t4) and serum cholesterol were investigated. a significant complementary role is emerging for traditional herbal medicines and holistic approaches to health in the prevention and treatment of the passive illness of modern civilization.
ocimum tenuiflorum, commonly known as holy basil, tulsi or tulasi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family lamiaceae. it is widely used as a herbal tea, commonly used in ayurveda, and has a place within the vaishnava tradition of hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves. the variety of ocimum tenuiflorum used in thai cuisine is referred to as thai holy basil (thai: กะเพรา kaphrao) and is the key herb in phat kaphrao, a stir-fry dish; it is not the same as thai basil, which is a variety of ocimum basilicum. leaves are green or purple; they are simple, petioled, with an ovate blade up to 5 cm (2 in) long, which usually has a slightly toothed margin; they are strongly scented and have a decussate phyllotaxy.  the three main morphotypes cultivated in india and nepal are ram tulsi (the most common type, with broad bright green leaves that are slightly sweet), the less common purplish green-leaved (krishna or shyam tulsi) and the common wild vana tulsi (e.g., ocimum gratissimum).  dna barcodes of various biogeographical isolates of tulsi from the indian subcontinent are now available.
 some of the phytochemical constituents of tulsi are oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, rosmarinic acid, eugenol, carvacrol, linalool, and β-caryophyllene (about 8%).  the genome of the tulsi plant has been sequenced and reported as a draft, estimated to be 612 mega bases, with results showing genes for biosynthesis of anthocyanins in shyama tulsi, ursolic acid and eugenol in rama tulsi. the essential oil may have nematicidal properties against tylenchulus semipenetrans, meloidogyne javanica, anguina tritici, and heterodera cajani. a constituent analysis by sadul found alkaloids, steroids, and tannins in the aqueous, and alkaloids and steroids only in the alcoholic extract. it is worshipped as the avatar of lakshmi, and may be planted in front yards of hindu houses or hanuman temples.  vaishnavas followers of vishnu are known as “those who bear the tulsi around the neck”.  tulsi vivah is a ceremonial festival performed between prabodhini ekadashi (the 11th or 12th lunar day of the bright fortnight of the hindu month of kartik) and kartik pournima (the full moon of the month).
ocimum tenuiflorum, commonly known as holy basil, tulsi or tulasi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family lamiaceae. it is native to the indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the southeast asian tropics. of all the herbs used within ayurveda, tulsi (ocimum sanctum linn) is preeminent, and scientific research is now confirming its beneficial effects. ocimum sanctum l. (tulsi) is an erect, much branched sub-shrub 30-60 cm tall, with simple opposite green or purple leaves [figure 1] ocimum tenuiflorum, commonly known as holy basil, tulsi or tulasi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family lamiaceae. it is native to the indian, ocimum sanctum medicinal uses, ocimum sanctum medicinal uses, ocimum sanctum vs tenuiflorum, ocimum sanctum common name, 10 benefits of tulsi.
all varieties of holy basil are astringent, pungent, warm and sweet, with notes of peppermint, cloves, licorice, or lemon. rama has a flavor profile that is more spicy or clove-like, while the vana variety is more fragrant and sweet, with an anise taste. krishna tulsi is crisp and peppery. holy basil is a highly valued medicinal herb. it’s often used in thai food. research shows that it’s an adaptogen, which means it helps your body deal with stress. it may also be used to treat many conditions, including diabetes, the common cold, and fever. holy basil has been shown to boost your body’s health in a variety of ways. it can help protect against infection, lower your blood sugar, lower your cholesterol, ease joint pain, and protect your stomach. use a light, well-draining soil that is enriched with organic material, although holy basil will tolerate poor soil fairly well. your plant will also tolerate some shade, so full sun is not necessary. keep it watered but not soggy and harvest leaves as needed, just as you would with an ordinary sweet basil plant. dosing. holy basil has most often been used by adults in doses of 500 mg daily, for 1.5-3 months. a 4% holy basil leaf extract mouthwash has also been used twice daily for 30 days. known as an adaptogen herb, holy basil has several components that may help reduce mental stress that comes from physical, environmental, and emotional triggers. holy basil may have a direct influence on cortisol hormones that circulate in the blood, helping to balance the adrenal glands and reduce excess cortisol. holy basil, a simple herbal adaptogen, may help at a number of levels. it can add a calming effect for an anxious mind and reduce the tendency to keep the stress response going. it can slow the release of cortisol, and once it is released, holy basil blocks the cortisol receptors, limiting the damage it can do. drink a cup of holy basil tea to treat mild conditions. take a cup when you’re feeling nervous or overwhelmed to receive relief within several hours. you can find holy basil tea (sometimes labeled as tulsi tea) in many alternative health stores. you can also steep holy basil leaves in water yourself if you’d prefer. revered as an ‘elixir of life’, ocimum sanctum (holy basil) is an erect, many-branched subshrub in tropical climates, often grown as an annual elsewhere. holy basil (ocimum tenuiflorum) is a plant that is native to india. it is commonly used in the traditional indian medicine system, ayurveda. holy basil, (ocimum tenuiflorum), also called tulsi or tulasi, flowering plant of the mint family (lamiaceae) grown for its aromatic leaves., holy basil spiritual benefits, tulsi tea benefits, ocimum sanctum antimicrobial activity, research papers on tulsi pdf, medicinal uses of tulsi wikipedia, holy basil side effects dangers, tulsi uses. side effects of holy basil also include upset stomach. you should be cautious about using holy basil if you: have low blood sugarresearch on animals shows that holy basil may:cause low blood sugar (animals and humans)promote bleeding.decrease fertility.
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