tibetan herbs

the present paper summarized the natural tibetan medicines that have been used in tibetan traditional system of medicine to treat liver diseases by bibliographic investigation of 22 tibetan medicine monographs and drug standards. moreover, liver cancer and gastric cancer are still the leading causes of cancer deaths in tibet. ttm has long-term clinical practices and accumulated rich experience in the treatment of various diseases. these natural medicines might be a valuable gift from the old tibetan medicine to the world, and would be potential drug candidates for the treatment of liver diseases. ttm has a unique understanding of the occurrence and development of liver disease. among them, the liver heat belongs to the category of “mkhris-pa” disease, and its nature belongs to fire. in the traditional theory of tibetan medicine, ku-gong is pungent in flavor and warm in nature (health bureau of tibet et al., 1979). hu and wang (2015) reported that the water extract of c. tinctorius has significant inhibitory effect on diethylnitrosamine-induced liver cirrhosis in rats. in china, s. chirayita is frequently used to treat damp-heat and quench the fire of the liver and gallbladder in traditional tibetan medicine system (fan et al., 2014). it has been commonly used for the treatment of hepatitis, acute icterohepatitis, cholecystitis, epidemic fever, headache, and blood diseases in traditional tibetan medicine system. the widespread uses of h. elliptica in traditional tibetan medicine have resulted in considerable pharmacological and phytochemical studies of the plant. the ethyl acetate extract of h. caudigerum was found to show a protective effect on ccl4-induced acute liver injury in mice (shen et al., 2015). the widespread uses of the fruits of p. emblica in traditional medicines and food products have resulted in considerable pharmacological studies. the water extract of p. emblica fruits significantly decreased fat accumulation and ros production in hepg2 cells, and also inhibited hepatic fibrosis in hsc-t6 cells (lu et al., 2016). it is recognized that traditional tibetan medicine has a good curative effect in the treatment of liver diseases, rheumatism, acute and chronic mountain sicknesses, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and stomach diseases. the medicinal value of c. tinctorius in treating liver diseases deserves further exploration and utilization. prevalence and risk factors of alcoholic liver disease among tibetan native adults in lhasa. understanding and treatment of tibetan medicine for liver diseases. source and application status investigation of tibetan medicine “brag-zhun”. treatment and management of liver diseases by khmer traditional healers practicing in phnom penh area, cambodia. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2012.01.015 editorial board of chinese ethnic medicine (1984). application of 1h nmr-based metabolomics for the species differentiation and quality evaluation of traditional chinese medicine and tibetan medicine from various species. the epidemiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its connection with cardiovascular disease: role of endothelial dysfunction. the protective effect and its mechanism of total lignans from tibetan medicinal herpetospermum seeds on concanavalin a-induced liver injury in mice. acute and 28-day subacute toxicity studies of hexane extracts of the roots of lithospermum erythrorhizon in sprague-dawley rats. in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of the ethanolic extract from meconopsis quintuplinervia. hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of the methanolic extract from halenia elliptica. antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of swertiamarin from enicostemma axillare against d-galactosamine induced acute liver damage in rats.

hepatoprotective activity of emblica officinalis and chyavanaprash. an ethnobotanical study of plants used to treat liver diseases in the maritime region of togo. antioxidant effects of aqueous extract of terminalia chebula in vivo and in vitro. j. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1185468 liu, m. l., and zhang, m. (2016). inhibitory effects of phyllanthus emblica l. on hepatic steatosis and liver fibrosis in vitro. traditional tibetan medicine in china: a systematic overview of randomized clinical trials. hepatoprotective and toxic characteristics of the whole herb of traditional tibetan folk medicine swertia mussotii franch. traditional phytotherapy remedies used in southern rwanda for the treatment of liver diseases. comparative hepatoprotective potential of tinospora cordifolia, tinospora sinensis and neem-guduchi. cyclophosphamide-induced hepatotoxicity in wistar rats: the modulatory role of gallic acid as a hepatoprotective and chemopreventive phytochemical. future of hepatocellular carcinoma incidence in the united states forecast through 2030. j. clin. hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of gallic acid in paracetamol-induced liver damage in mice. echinococcosis on the tibetan plateau: prevalence and risk factors for cystic and alveolar echinococcosis in tibetan populations in qinghai province, china. emblica officinalis and hepatocarcinogenesis: a chemopreventive study in wistar rats. the hepatoprotective effect and chemical constituents of total iridoids and xanthones extracted from swertia mussotii franch. protective effect of n-butanol fraction from tibetan medicine brag-zhun on liver injury in mice induced by concanavalin a. j. chin. effect of total flavonoids and alkaloids from meconopsis quintuplinervia on hepatic fibrosis in rat. carthamus red from carthamus tinctorius l. exerts antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect against ccl4-induced liver damage in rats via the nrf2 pathway. j. chin. prevalence and control strategy of fatty liver in tibet plateau. protective effect of n-butanol extract from tibetan medicine brag-zhun on the acute liver injury induced by acetaminophen in mice. antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of veronica ciliata fisch extracts against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in mice. phytochemical and pharmacological progress on tibetan medicine hypecoi erecti herba and plants of hypecoum l. chin. immunoregulation and protective effects of n-butanol extract of swertia franchetiana on liver injury in rats. in vitro anticancer screening of tibetan medicines. in vitro and in vivo hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract from meconopsis integrifolia (maxim.) towards a better understanding of medicinal uses of carthamus tinctorius l. in traditional chinese medicine: a phytochemical and pharmacological review. diagnosis and treatment of hepatic echinococcosis in tibet, china.

particular attention has been given to the evaluation of the knowledge of traditional doctors and to the contemporary evolutions of medical activities in tibetan regions. they are gathered directly on the tibetan plateau or are imported from the lower regions of india, nepal, and china. several substances are designated with names of sanskrit origin, in particular the ones imported from india and nepal, which are also employed in ayurvedic medicine. they generally report that the medicines of the plains grow in the area of the tibetan plateau at lower and medium altitudes and that herbaceous medicines grow on high mountains. although many substances of animal origin are included in the materia medica, tibetan doctors do not frequently use them. identification is complete only when specific features evaluated for each plant correspond to the ones known by the doctor, on the basis of his/her experience and education, and to the ones described in the treatises of tibetan materia medica. pedicularis (lousewort) is a genus of semi-parasitic plants, often conspicuous in the alpine zone all over the tibetan plateau and the himalayan mountains.

in the identification process, the observation of the environment where the plant grows is important, because it allows the practitioners to make a selection. many traditional6,7,8 and modern texts9,10 describe and illustrate the materia medica of tibetan medicine. owing to the socio-economic, cultural, and political transformations of tibetan societies, and to the standardization of medical knowledge and practice, it is important to document this unique local knowledge that may disappear in the near future. the land of milk and barley: medicinal plants, staple foods, and discourses of subjectivity in rgyalthang. 8. the crystal block and the crystal rosary. 18. boesi a, cardi f. the variability of tibetan materia medica and its identification criteria: the case of ladakh, india. conserving the sacred medicine mountains: a vegetation analysis of tibetan sacred sites in northwest yunnan.

traditional tibetan medicine, also known as sowa-rigpa medicine, is a centuries-old traditional medical system that employs a complex approach to diagnosis, incorporating techniques such as pulse analysis halenia elliptica is a commonly used traditional herbal medicine. it is mainly distributed across the tibet, yunnan, sichuan, qinghai, xinjiang, among the few of them gathered directly on the tibetan plateau, the most common are shug pa (juniperus spp., cupressus spp., platycladus orientalis (l.) franco, 1. ophiocordyceps sinensis 2. rhodiola 3. snow lotus 4. ginseng 5. saffron 6. musk 7. coreopsis grandiflora 8. lingzhi mushroom., tibetan medicine for diabetes, tibetan medicine for diabetes, tibetan medicine list, tibetan medicine pills, tibetan medicine ingredients.

a line of herbal teas from a tibetan doctor tibetan medicine is greatly influenced by buddhism and we tibetans consider it to be the jewel of our thus, among the commonly used tibetan herbs are those derived mainly from the ayurvedic system, such as the peppers, cumins, cardamom, clove, ginger, and other the preparation of tibetan herbal formulas. prof pasang yonten arya tibetan fomulas ingredients. tibetan traditional medicine is one of mankind’s richest, tibetan medicine pdf, tibetan medicine online, tibetan pharmacopoeia, tibetan herbal medicine for hair growth.

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